Posted on 21 Sep 2018
by Michael Hyman, Research Data Specialist
NAR released a summary of existing-home sales data showing that housing market activity this August was steady yet flat from last month, and dropped 1.5 percent from last year. August’s existing-home sales maintained a 5.34 million seasonally adjusted annual rate.
The national median existing-home price for all housing types was $264,800 in August, up 4.6 percent from a year ago. This marks the 78th consecutive month of year-over-year gains.
Regionally, all four regions showed growth in prices from a year ago, with the West having the biggest advance of 4.8 percent. The Midwest had a gain of 3.4 percent followed by the South with an increase of 3.2 percent. The Northeast had the smallest gain of 2.6 percent from August 2017.
August’s inventory figures are also flat from last month to 1.92 million homes for sale. Compared with August of 2017, there was a 2.7 percent increase in inventory levels. It will take 4.3 months to move the current level of inventory at the current sales pace. It takes approximately 29 days for a home to go from listing to a contract in the current housing market, down from 30 days a year ago.
From July 2018, two of the four regions experienced declines in sales. The West had the biggest decline of 5.9 percent followed by the South with a dip in sales of 0.4 percent. The Northeast had the largest gain of 7.6 percent followed by the Midwest that had an incline in sales of 2.4 percent.
Three of the four regions showed declines in sales from a year ago. The West had the biggest drop in sales of 7.4 percent. The Northeast had a decline of 2.7 percent followed by the Midwest with a decline of 0.8 percent. The South had the only incline in sales of 1.8 percent. The South led all regions in percentage of national sales, accounting for 41.8 percent of the total, while the Northeast had the smallest share at 13.3 percent.
In August, single-family and condominiums sales were unchanged compared to last month. Single-family home sales fell 1.0 percent and condominium sales were down 4.8 compared to a year ago. Both single-family and condominiums had an increase in price with single-family up 4.9 percent at $267,300 and condominiums up 2.0 percent at $244,500 from August 2017.
Posted on 20 Sep 2018
by Karen Belita, Data Scientist
The REALTORS® Confidence Index (RCI)  survey gathers monthly information from REALTORS® about local real estate market conditions, characteristics of buyers and sellers, and issues affecting homeownership and real estate transactions. This report presents key results about market transactions from August 2018. View and download the full report here.
Market Conditions and Expectations
The REALTORS® Buyer Traffic Index registered at 57 (64 in August 2017).
The REALTORS® Seller Traffic Index registered at 44 (47 in August 2017).
The REALTORS® Confidence Index—Six–Month Outlook Current Conditions registered at 58 for detached single-family, 48 for townhome, and 46 for condominium properties. An index above 50 indicates market conditions are expected to improve.
Properties were typically on the market for 29 days (30 days in August 2017).
Eighty-five percent of respondents reported that home prices remained constant or rose in August 2018 compared to levels one year ago (86 percent in August 2017).
Characteristics of Buyers and Sellers
First-time buyers accounted for 31 percent of sales (31 percent in August 2017).
Vacation and investment buyers comprised 13 percent of sales (15 percent in August 2017).
Sales of distressed properties (foreclosed or sold as a short sale) accounted for three percent of sales (four percent in August 2017).
Cash sales made up 20 percent of sales (20 percent in August 2017).
Eighteen percent of sellers offered incentives such as paying for closing costs (8 percent), providing warranty (7 percent), and undertaking remodeling (2 percent).
Issues Affecting Buyers and Sellers
From June–August 2018, 76 percent of contracts settled on time (72 percent in August 2017).
Among sales that closed in August 2018, 76 percent had contract contingencies. The most common contingencies pertained to home inspection (58 percent), obtaining financing (45 percent), and getting an acceptable appraisal (43 percent).
REALTORS® report “low inventory” and “interest rate” as the major issues affecting transactions in August 2018.
About the RCI Survey
The RCI Survey gathers information from REALTORS® about local market conditions based on their client interactions and the characteristics of their most recent sales for the month.
The August 2018 survey was sent to 50,000 REALTORS® who were selected from NAR’s 1.3 million members through simple random sampling and to 8,386 respondents in the previous three surveys who provided their email addresses.
There were 4,639 respondents to the online survey which ran from September 1-11, 2018. The survey’s overall margin of error at the 95 percent confidence level is one percent. The margins of error for subgroups and sample proportions of below or above 50 percent are larger.
NAR weighs the responses by a factor that aligns the sample distribution of responses to the distribution of NAR membership.
The REALTORS® Confidence Index is provided by NAR solely for use as a reference. Resale of any part of this data is prohibited without NAR’s prior written consent. For questions on this report or to purchase the RCI series, please email: Data@realtors.org
 Thanks to George Ratiu, Managing Director, Housing and Commercial Research and Gay Cororaton, Research Economist for their data analysis and comments to the RCI Report.
 Respondents report on the most recent characteristics of their most recent sale for the month.
 An index greater than 50 means more respondents reported conditions as “strong” compared to one year ago than “weak.” An index of 50 indicates a balance of respondents
who viewed conditions as “strong” or “weak.”
 The difference in the sum of percentages to the total percentage of sellers who offered incentives is due to rounding.
Posted on 18 Sep 2018
by Nadia Evangelou, Research Economist
Find out how many of the homes which are currently listed for sale you can afford to buy based on your income.
A typical household earning about $51,000 can afford to buy 36% of homes for sales in the United States, according to the REALTORS® Affordability Distribution Curve and Score (RADCS). The tool below, updated with August 2018 data, lets you find out what share of homes, which are currently listed for sale, you can afford to buy in the 100 largest metro areas based on your income.
Select a range that best describes the income that you earn. Hover over the map to see the percentage of homes which are currently listed for sale that you can afford to buy.
The NAR Research Group and REALTOR.COM have partnered to conduct an analysis of affordability at different income levels for all active inventory on the market. The result of this analysis, the RADCS, shows that a household needs to earn at least $65,000 to afford more than half of the active housing inventory. Currently, the typical household, earning $51,000 can afford to buy 36 percent of homes for sale. Compared to a year earlier, housing affordability across the United States declined in August. The main reason for the decline is that housing inventory remains very low, causing affordability to weaken in most areas of the country.
Among the 100 largest metro areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach et al., CA was the least affordable metro area in August followed by San Diego-Carlsbad, CA and Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA. In these metro areas, a household earning about $100,000 can barely afford to buy on average 12 percent of homes currently listed for sale. In contrast, the same household can afford to buy on average more than 90 percent of the housing inventory in Youngstown-Warren et al., OH-PA, Dayton, OH and Toledo, OH.
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